By Barbara Belyea
Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing unit in June 1754 to wintry weather with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally stored a magazine during which he defined the plains area and took notice of rival French investors’ good fortune at their inland posts. a duplicate of Henday’s magazine used to be instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even though they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what luck he had in opposing rival French investors. when you consider that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s 12 months inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; purely 4 copies, relationship from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. every one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the diversities diversity from version spellings to notice option to contradictory statements on very important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of a firm clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to aid his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling guidelines. Twentieth-century students have dependent their claims for Henday’s value as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A 12 months Inland provides all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a observation that reassesses the journal’s info on plains geography, humans and exchange.
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From the preface: "For forty-five years I had now not opened the wood field with the partiality hand-carved lid. I knew what used to be in it. including miscellaneous keepsakes and images, it contained six notebooks written in German. This was once the magazine I stored from 1938 to 1941, in the course of a very important interval in lots of people's lives, together with mine.
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Extra resources for A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer
2/4 A Journal of a journey from York Fort to the Archithinue country in the years 1755 and 1756, by Anthony Hendey, being the first of the Company ’s Ser vants who went inland to endeavour to promote the fur trade
Although the relationship of the four texts is exceptionally complex, individually they present few problems. Each manuscript is a clean clerical copy which shows remarkable consistency of punctuation as well as notation of dates, names and compass directions. This scribal neatness permits editorial transcription of each text with very few changes, none of which is an emendation in favour of standardization, clarification or identification. The only changes are a direct consequence of the shift from manuscript to print.
McKenzie, ix-xii; The Journal of Alexander Henry the Younger, ed. Gough, xv-xviii; and Franklin’s Journals and Correspondence: The First Arctic Land Expedition, ed. Davis, cvii-cix. Williams’s editorial practice can be seen in his edition of Graham, 34 A Year Inland Obser vations on Hudson’s Bay: several states of Graham’s compilation have been conflated; spelling and punctuation have been modernized; paragraphing has been introduced. See also Lamb’s editions of Fraser, Franchère, Mackenzie and Vancouver; Houston’s editions of Richardson, Hood and Back; Nelson edited by Brown and Brightman; Dawson edited by Cole and Lockner; Thompson edited by Belyea.
A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer by Barbara Belyea