By Paul Tennant
This ebook offers the 1st complete therapy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to ascertain the fashionable political background of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and provides distinctive consciousness to the newest court docket judgements, govt rules, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a debatable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the surroundings for the main excessive and protracted calls for by way of local humans, and in addition for the most powerful and such a lot constant competition to local claims via governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the basic query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the chance. delivering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have such a lot different historians and demonstrates how Douglas was once principally accountable for the longer term process the land query. unlike what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia all started their land claims first and foremost of white payment and persisted regardless of the big efforts of missionaries and govt officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this ebook as political innovators who maintained their identification and beliefs and who at the present time have extra energy and harmony than ever prior to. the writer has carried out huge interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the internal workings of presidency organisations and Indian political businesses. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on mess ups and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technological know-how on the collage of British Columbia.". This e-book is meant for.
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Extra resources for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
15 In Britain, Canada, and thé eastern United States thé réputation of thé area among prospective settlers was much influenced by thé wars and massacres occurring just across thé boundary in Washington and Oregon. The violence, which continued into thé i86os, kept thé Whites in thé colony fearful that Vancouver Island Indians would also fight to protect their lands. By thé 18505 thé first Roman Catholic missionaries were reaching thé colony and thé mainland interior. The British government and Douglas encouraged Protestant missionaries with thé aim of countering thé potential Catholic influence and of pacifying thé Indians as white settle- The Douglas Treaties and Aboriginal Title 21 ment advanced.
The missionary efforts, both Protestant and Roman Catholic, did involve to a major degree an attempt to create villages on thé European model. In a number of cases, most notably under William Duncan among thé Tsimshian and Bishop Durieu among thé Coast Salish, model villages did indeed émerge. While thé missionary enterprise did not reach its height until well after Douglas had retired, his ideals and those of thé missionaries were in close agreement, and he provided substantial government support.
19 Newcastle's reply reached Victoria in early 1862. I am fully sensible of thé gréât importance of purchasing without loss of time thé native title to thé soil of Vancouver Island; but thé acquisition of thé tide is a purely colonial interest, and thé Législature must not entertain any expectation that thé British taxpayer will be burthened to supply thé funds or British crédit pledged for thé purpose. 20 Thus, thé British government would take no financial responsibility for purchasing aboriginal tide.
Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989 by Paul Tennant