Download PDF by Steven Otfinoski: Afghanistan (Nations in Transition)

By Steven Otfinoski

ISBN-10: 0816050562

ISBN-13: 9780816050567

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If this was peace, it was very fragile. Renewed Civil War The New Year of 1994 got off to an ominous start when two former Northern Alliance leaders, Hekmatyar and Dostum, attacked Kabul. Over the next six months 2,500 people were killed. While civil war raged, the nation’s economy worsened. Farmers fled their villages for the cities, the fields remained fallow. Ten million dollars in aid from the UN for food and medicine could only begin to meet the country’s needs. By the end of the year the death toll from the civil war had risen to 7,000, with about 100,000 injured and 500,000 left homeless.

1957) A leader with a strong nationalist spirit and a largely secular outlook, Hamid Karzai may be just the kind of president Afghanistan needs to lead it into a new era. He was born in Kandahar on December 24, 1957, into the Popolzai clan, one of the most powerful of the Pashtun groups. Mohammad Zahir Shah, the king at that time, is his cousin. When the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, the Karzai family fled to Pakistan. Karzai, who earned a bachelor of arts (BA) degree at the Habibia School in Kabul, received his masters degree (MA) in political science from the Himachal Paradesh University in Simla, India.

In Afghanistan, anyone who broke the Taliban’s draconian laws was harshly punished. “In October [1996], one woman had the tip of her thumb cut off for wearing nail varnish and another was whipped with a car antenna for letting her burkha slip. . ” wrote one foreign correspondent. ” Many others accused of breaking Taliban law were executed before 20,000 to 30,000 spectators in the National Stadium in Kabul. These tyrannical tactics were roundly condemned by the West. For women, daily life amounted to constant torture.

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Afghanistan (Nations in Transition) by Steven Otfinoski

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