By Linda Weiss
For greater than part a century, the us has led the area in constructing significant applied sciences that force the fashionable financial system and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. means for transformative innovation to the energy of its nationwide safeguard country, a posh of organisations, courses, and hybrid preparations that has built round the establishment of everlasting safety preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that advanced emerged and the way it has advanced in accordance with altering geopolitical threats and family political constraints, from the chilly conflict interval to the post-9/11 era.
Weiss specializes in state-funded enterprise capital cash, new kinds of know-how procurement via safeguard and security-related organizations, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable power because the Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide protection country has been the crucible for step forward strategies, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of recent corporations, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector tasks. Her e-book appraises chronic myths in regards to the military-commercial courting on the center of the nationwide protection nation. Weiss additionally discusses the results for realizing U.S. capitalism, the yank nation, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized firms curtail funding in production and innovation.
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Extra info for America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State
As this brief summary indicates, Friedberg focuses on the “magnitude” of state expansion and concludes that its growth was kept in check by antistatism. While I broadly agree with Friedberg’s assessment of the signiﬁcance of antistatist forces, I am less convinced by the conclusions he draws regarding their impact on the American state. My doubt stems from his use of a particular conception of state power more suited to despotic regimes (and implied by the term “garrison state”). As we know, certain states have historically wielded considerable despotic power, power over society, much as the Soviet Union came to do.
While Defense was funding a good deal more allegedly basic research in universities than the NSF, historians concur that it was much more applied than 28 Chapter 2 generic or fundamental in nature (Edgerton 2004, 43). With the exception of the life sciences where the NIH held sway, the AEC/DoE and the armed services dominated the postwar patronage of science and technology development. Together with the NSF and (later) NASA, these emerged as the key actors in the NSS innovation enterprise. Partnering for Perpetual Innovation The Eisenhower administration that came to power in 1953 oversaw the start of a long climb in federal support for technology development.
High-tech economy and attributes American state minimalism to the inﬂuence of a robust antistatism. —forces thinking into a state-versusmarket framework and thereby misses what is arguably most distinctive about the NSS, namely, its close entwinement with nonstate actors and the private sector and its spawning of innovation-driven hybrids. As I argue in chapter 7, rather than representing a shift toward classical statism, America’s NSS drove the development of hybrid public-private institutional forms, enhancing the state’s commercial inﬂuence at the same time as providing for national defense.
America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State by Linda Weiss