By Th. J. Abatzopoulos (ed.), J. A. Beardmore (ed.), J. S. Clegg (ed.), P. Sorgeloos (ed.)
The pursuits of this quantity are to offer an up to date (literature survey as much as 2001) account of the biology of Artemia focusing fairly upon the most important advances in wisdom and realizing completed within the final fifteen or so years and emphasising the operational and sensible linkage among the organic phenomena defined and the power of this strange animal to thrive in severe environments. Artemia is a genus of anostracan crustaceans, popularly often called brine shrimps. those animals are population of saline environments that are too severe for the numerous species which easily predate them if chance deals. they're, hence, successfully population of utmost (hypersaline) habitats, yet while may be able to tolerate physiologically huge adjustments in salinity, ionic composition, temperature and oxygen pressure. Brine shrimp are gener best friend considered tropical and subtropical, yet also are present in areas the place temperatures are very low for big sessions reminiscent of Tibet, Siberia and the Atacama barren region. they've got, hence, nice powers of variation and are of curiosity for this skill by myself. The earliest clinical connection with brine shrimp is in 1756, while Schlosser pronounced their life within the saltpans of Lymington, England. those saltpans now not exist and brine shrimp will not be present in Britain this day. Later, Linnaeus named the brine shrimp melanoma salinus and later nonetheless, Leach used the identify Artemia salina. The powerful influence which the salinity of the medium exerts at the morphological improvement of Artemia is now commonly recognised.
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Additional resources for Artemia: Basic and Applied Biology
De Maeyer-Criel, G. (1978) Elektronenmicroscopisch onderzoek naar de ultrastructuur tijdens de secretiecyclus van de schaalklier bij Artemia salina. , Klasse der Wetenschappen 40, nr. 145. T. and Steopoe, J. (1958) Les glandes tegumentaires des phyllopodes anostraces. Annales des Sciences Naturelles Zoologie 20, 29-69. Elofsson, R. (1966) The nauplius eye and frontal organs of the non-malacostraca (Crustacea). Sarsia 25, 1-128. Elofsson, R. and Dahl, E. (1970) The optic neuropiles of Crustacea.
Females differ in their genetic tendency to reproduce either ovoviviparously or oviparously. 2. Molecular Aspects of Early Artemia Development Within the five days from oocyte fertilisation to release of encysted embryos, a small heat shock/a-crystallin protein termed p26 is synthesized, but only if the oviparous pathway is followed (Clegg et al. 1994, 1995, 1999; Jackson and Clegg, 1996; Liang et al. 1997a, b; MacRae and Liang, 1998; Liang and MacRae, 1999). Embryos exhibit p26 mRNA on the second day following fertilisation, and the message peaks at day four post-fertilisation, before discharge of cysts from females (Figure 2a) (Liang and MacRae, 1999).
1999) Reexamination of hemocytes in brine shrimp (Crustacea, Branchiopoda). journal ()/ Morphology 242, 283-294. Metalli, P. and Ballardin, E. (1970) Radiobiology of Artemia: radiation effects and ploidy. Current Topics in Radiation Research Quarterly 7, 181-240. Moroff, T. (1912) Entwicklung und phylogenetischc Bedeutung des Medianauges bci Crustaceen. Zo%gischer Anzeiger 40, 11-25. Mura, G. and Del Caldo, L. (1992) Scanning electron microscopic observations on the molar surface of mandibles in species of Artemia (Anostraca).
Artemia: Basic and Applied Biology by Th. J. Abatzopoulos (ed.), J. A. Beardmore (ed.), J. S. Clegg (ed.), P. Sorgeloos (ed.)