By Mark B. Salter
The terrorist assaults in manhattan and Washington have ended in well known conceptions of Muslims as terrorists. a few commentators have harked again to the 'Clash of Civilizations' argument defined by means of Samuel Huntington which has turn into a touchstone in postcolonial experiences. Huntington argued that, after the cave in of the chilly battle, tradition might develop into the most axis of clash for civilizational alliances. Mark Salter takes factor with Huntington's thought and explains how the phrases of his argument are a part of an imperialist discourse that casts different civilizations as primarily barbarian.Although many commentators have engaged with Huntington's claims, few have pursued the political implications of his argument. Barbarians and Civilisation deals a decisive exploration of the colonial rhetoric inherent in present political discourse. Charting the usefulness of recommendations of tradition and id for figuring out global politics, Salter brilliantly illustrates the advantages and the constraints of the civilized/barbarian dichotomy in diplomacy.
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Extra resources for Barbarians and Civilization in International Relations
Because civilization was often taken to mean a civility or restraint in social relations, the lack of restraint made the ‘barbarian’ both alluring and frightening. Generally, the term ‘barbarians’ has been applied in a negative way to individuals and societies whose actions and mores do not accord with Europe’s. 96 Lisa Lowe’s Critical Terrains provides an insightful and important analysis of the multiple, national Orientalisms. 97 English School scholars provide the only major exploration within IR theory of the transition from a European to a global international society in which the civilized/barbarian discourse played a key role.
15 A group of specifically anti-colonial or anti-imperial thinkers challenged the prevailing ideology. A. I. 16 Economic justifications of expansion had long been central to the imperial ideology. However, in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, there was a move from independent trading companies with royal charters to state-sponsored colonialism. Economic advantage was also coupled with the ‘civilizing mission’. As Kiernan argues, in the nineteenth century ‘there was again a feeling that expansion ought to have some ideal purpose, a goal beyond sordid greed which came to be expressed in the phrase “civilizing mission”.
As Bhabha suggests, the repetition of the trope reaffirms the ‘fixity’ of European civilization. Jean-Jacques Rousseau presents an important perspective in the praise of the ‘noble savage’. Qxd 26/7/02 1:28 pm Page 23 Civilization and Barbarians 23 in each action of his life. He does not make a movement, not a step, without having beforehand envisaged the consequences. 90 In fact, Rousseau’s work on education can be seen as an ‘antidote’ to the decadence of French civilization. 92 In this essay, Rousseau also repeats the assumption that climate determines character, which becomes a staple of colonial rhetoric.
Barbarians and Civilization in International Relations by Mark B. Salter