Read e-book online Basque Phonology (Interface Series) PDF

By Jose? Ignacio Hualde

ISBN-10: 0415056551

ISBN-13: 9780415056557

This publication is the 1st finished remedy of the phonological process of Basque on hand in English. Basque is a morphologically wealthy and reasonably general language with a couple of lively phonological ideas which are restricted to convinced morphological environments. furthermore, it has a excessive measure of dialectical fragmentation. those features of Basque make this language an excellent try out flooring to enquire the interplay of phonological principles either with one another and with morphological procedures, which the writer does in the Lexical Phonology framework. the consequences of rule interplay on function geometry are an incredible predicament - how phonological operations alter underlying constructions and the way the constructions created through one phonological rule can function enter to different principles. those results are tested in a examine of the relatively ordinary behaviour of Basque affricates. one other region which calls for specific awareness, and during which Basque dialects vary greatly, is prosody. in addition to stress-accent structures of alternative forms, Basque additionally possesses pitch-accent or limited tonal structures in a few of its western dialects. This e-book could be of curiosity to complex scholars and academics of linguistics, particularly Romance linguistics and lexical phonology.

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Example text

The behaviour of derivational affixes is less uniform. In Arbizu they are quite generally excluded from undergoing Stratum I rules, showing that they are attached at Stratum II. In Baztan, on the other hand, derivational affixes are split into two groups. There is dialectal variation in the treatment of adjectival affixes. In Arbizu the comparative J-ooj (St. B. -ago) 'more' and the superlative absolute (or 'excessive') J-ei j (St. B. n d Glide Insertion with stems ending in a high vowel. underg?

The crucial ordering requirements that exist in Ondarroa are expressed in (94): inguJar Low Vowel Raising (SR) s]-Insertion tern-Final Low Vowel Deletion (SFLD) Mid Vowel Raising (MVR) Vowel Deletion (VD) [Intervocalic Consonant Deletion (1CD) Low Vowel Assimilation (LVA) ~ (94) unordered: Singular Low Vowel Raising must precede Stem-Final Low Vowel Deletion and Vowel Deletion since were either rule to apply to an underlying form such as /a laba-a;, we would obtain [alaf3a]. The rules of Singular Raising and Mid Vowel Raising that give the final form [ala{3i] 'the daughter' would be bled and we would obtain the incorrect *[alaf3a] as surface form.

Thus, m unde~lymg representation there is not neutralization of stem-final /a/ and /e/ m the context of the rule. This was also shown to be the case for Baztan. In Gernika the surface forms are sufficiently different from those ofBaztan to deser~e our consideration here. Consider, for instance, the absolutive forms of 'spark' and 'path' compared with items that on the surface end in [-a] and [-e), respectively, not preceded by a high vowel: (66) /-a/ /-e/ indefinite [neska) [tsispe] [pute] singular [neskie] [tsispie] [putie] plural [neskak] [tsispek] [putek] [et~e] [et~ie] [e t~i ek] [bi6e] [urte] [bi6ie] [urtie] [biOiek] [urtiek] 'girl' 'spark' 'whore' 'house' 'path' 'year' As we can see in the absolutive plural, where /-a/ stems and /-e/ stems give different ~esults, (tsispe] and [pute] behave as /-a/-final in that the vowel sequence is reduced .

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Basque Phonology (Interface Series) by Jose? Ignacio Hualde


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